VW Cooling System Parts Maintenance and Repair Advice
The VW parts that make up your specific Volkswagen’s complex cooling system are critical to the car’s basic functionality. In a nutshell, they are responsible for keeping the entire engine operating at an effective temperature by circulating coolant throughout all the vehicle’s engine parts and into the radiator. The cooling system is your car’s best friend; without it your engine would overheat causing a whirlwind of other problems. Therefore, properly maintaining and repairing (when needed) your VW’s cooling system parts is crucial because prolonging issues with any of these car parts could leave you stranded on the side of the road.
Let’s take a look at how the cooling system parts work together. Basically, the system is comprised of three main sections of parts: the water pump and timing belt; hoses, valves and sensors; and the radiator and expansion tank. A quick suggestion that you should get your own Volkswagen OEM parts such as a timing belt, water pump and hoses; and it’s pretty easy to ensure you’re getting high-quality parts from a store other than the dealership – of course, even online these days. Some of these parts, however, are a bit more complex to replace so if you’re not comfortable working on a particular issue for your VW, schedule an appointment with a local mechanic, explain what work you need help with, and even request he use your own replacement VW parts.
Water Pump & Timing Belt
In order for your cooling system to pump coolant throughout all the engine parts it requires a fully-functional water pump. The main primary pump in your VW is either gear or belt driven, which both require proper timing and tension to run effectively. Further, some Volkswagen models have a secondary water pump part to maximize flow and cooling, and that is usually electric. The drive belt or timing belt that turns the primary water pump is critical to the operation of your entire cooling system. If you hear a squeaky noise from those belts, it probably means they’re wearing out and need to be replaced very soon so you don’t overheat the engine (Don’t those things always happen at the worst time?!).
You can probably repair either of these parts in your VW on your own to save on the mechanic’s fees. Check the owner’s manual to keep up with recommended maintenance on the water pump, and the timing and tension adjustment belts, as indicated in your car’s manual.
Hoses, Control Valves and Sensors
The cooling system as a whole works together via interconnected hoses, control valves, sensors and a thermostat. These car parts can deteriorate over time since they’re in constant contact with the coolant, which can actually get hot after exiting the engine.
As the coolant travels through the system, it begins to pick up heat from the engine as it makes its way to the thermostat. The thermostat has a valve which is then used to determine the temperature of the coolant. The valve then opens and transfers the hot fluid via a hose to enter the radiator in order to cool down.
It’s imperative to change the hoses in your Volkswagen from time to time as they break down just like any other car, but you must also tend to each specific component of your VW’s cooling system on a periodic basis. For instance, a corroded thermostat valve can result in the engine running too cool or overheating, which are both detrimental to the car’s longevity.
Unless something is obviously wrong with a hose or valve, you may need a professional to diagnose the issue. But you can always take that diagnosis, buy the replacement VW parts yourself and try to do these repairs.
Radiator, Expansion Tank and Heater Core
The temperature of your car’s cooling system is regulated by using a radiator, expansion tank, cooling fans and a fan clutch (in some VW models). While these car parts function independently of the engine, they do help improve the function of the engine through cooling and/or through control signals sent to the VW electronic system. Since temperature control is crucial to performance, emissions and most importantly safety, you do not want to prolong repairs if you suspect trouble.
Historically, there are two types of car cooling systems: an air cooling system which is typically found in older cars and water-cooled systems which are more commonly used in today’s new cars. When anti-freeze (aka coolant) is poured into the engine, it is used as a medium for absorbing the engine’s heat. Your VW’s radiator is comprised of a hose system, a heater core and expansion tank. As coolant makes its way through the radiator hoses, the heat is then released so the liquid is cool again before returning to the engine.
The heater core is located closer towards the passenger compartment. As the coolant travels through the heater core, a fan blows to remove the heat from the fluid. If the heater is turned on inside the car, warm air would make its way through the vents. Lastly, as the anti-freeze travels through the coolant jacket surrounding the engine block, the coolant then absorbs heat from the engine as it circulates.
Unless you’re very handy with cars, these parts in the Volkswagen cooling system can be a lot more challenging to complete repairs on your own. The best way to maintain and preserve these VW parts is by replacing the coolant from time to time, which IS an easy thing to do on your own. If you suspect there is already damage to the radiator, expansion tanks or heater cores, have your vehicle checked by a certified VW mechanic to ensure proper repairs are done since these are quite a bit more challenging than replacing hoses.
A Few Bonus Tips:
- Keep your engine as clean as possible or it will overheat when there is too much gunk;
- Replace coolant just before factory recommended intervals and ensure you’re using the right type, mixture, and volume;
- If you suspect a problem with hoses, replace them right away. Failure to do so could lead to power steering issues, abnormal engine temperature and many other complications;
- Adjust and/or replace water pump’s timing belt at the recommended intervals;
It might seem like a lot of work, but maintaining your car’s cooling system is essential to prevent the engine from overheating and achieving maximum performance from your Volkswagen. Good maintenance allows your car to run smoothly and get better fuel economy, and lowers the risk of costly repairs in the future.